Perception of Availability, Accessibility, and Affordability of COVID-19 Vaccines and Hesitancy: A Cross-Sectional Study in India

Ayappan, Akshay ORCID logoORCID:, Padhi, Bijaya Kumar ORCID logoORCID:, L., Ananthesh ORCID logoORCID:, Chaudhary, Raushan Kumar ORCID logoORCID:, Mateti, Uday Venkat ORCID logoORCID:, Kellarai, Adithi, Unnikrishnan, Mazhuvanchery Kesavan, Dsouza, Jaclyn Drishal, Parsa, Ali Davod ORCID logoORCID:, Kabir, Russell ORCID logoORCID: and Sah, Ranjit ORCID logoORCID: (2022) Perception of Availability, Accessibility, and Affordability of COVID-19 Vaccines and Hesitancy: A Cross-Sectional Study in India. Vaccines, 10 (12). ISSN 2076-393X

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Background: The current study aimed to identify the perceptions and issues regarding the affordability, availability, and accessibility of COVID-19 vaccination and determine the extent of vaccine hesitancy among non-vaccinated individuals. Methods: A Prospective cross-sectional study was conducted among 575 individuals for a period of six months. All the relevant information was collected using the peer-validated survey questionnaire. An independent t-test was applied to check the association between variables. Result: Among 575 participants, 80.8% were vaccinated, and 19.2% were non-vaccinated. Among the vaccinated, 35.1% were vaccinated in private centres and 64.9% in public health centres (PHC). In total, 32% had accessibility issues and 24.5% had availability issues. However, responders vaccinated at PHC were having more issues in comparison to other groups which was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Among the 163 privately vaccinated participants, 69.9% found it completely affordable. Another 26.9% and 3.1% found vaccines partly affordable and a little unaffordable. Among the 110 non-vaccinated, 38.1% were found to be vaccine-hesitant. Conclusions: Individuals vaccinated at PHC experienced issues such as long waiting times, unavailability of doses, and registration. Further, a significant level of hesitancy towards COVID-19 vaccines was observed. The safety and efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines contributed to negative attitudes.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: accessibility, affordability, availability, COVID-19, vaccine hesitancy
Faculty: COVID-19 Research Collection
Faculty of Health, Education, Medicine & Social Care
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2022 12:41
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2022 12:41

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