Speed of cooling after cardiac arrest in relation to the intervention effect: a sub-study from the TTM2-trial

Simpson, Rupert F. G., Dankiewicz, Josef, Karamasis, Grigoris V., Pelosi, Paolo, Haenggi, Matthias, Young, Paul J., Jakobsen, Janus Christian, Bannard-Smith, Jonathan, Wendel-Garcia, Pedro D., Taccone, Fabio Silvio, Nordberg, Per, Wise, Matt P., Grejs, Anders M., Lilja, Gisela, Olsen, Roy Bjørkholt, Cariou, Alain, Lascarrou, Jean Baptiste, Saxena, Manoj, Hovdenes, Jan, Thomas, Matthew, Friberg, Hans, Davies, John R., Nielsen, Niklas and Keeble, Thomas R. (2022) Speed of cooling after cardiac arrest in relation to the intervention effect: a sub-study from the TTM2-trial. Critical Care, 26 (1). ISSN 1364-8535

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13054-022-04231-6


Background: Targeted temperature management (TTM) is recommended following cardiac arrest; however, time to target temperature varies in clinical practice. We hypothesised the effects of a target temperature of 33 °C when compared to normothermia would differ based on average time to hypothermia and those patients achieving hypothermia fastest would have more favorable outcomes. Methods: In this post-hoc analysis of the TTM-2 trial, patients after out of hospital cardiac arrest were randomized to targeted hypothermia (33 °C), followed by controlled re-warming, or normothermia with early treatment of fever (body temperature, ≥ 37.8 °C). The average temperature at 4 h (240 min) after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) was calculated for participating sites. Primary outcome was death from any cause at 6 months. Secondary outcome was poor functional outcome at 6 months (score of 4–6 on modified Rankin scale). Results: A total of 1592 participants were evaluated for the primary outcome. We found no evidence of heterogeneity of intervention effect based on the average time to target temperature on mortality (p = 0.17). Of patients allocated to hypothermia at the fastest sites, 71 of 145 (49%) had died compared to 68 of 148 (46%) of the normothermia group (relative risk with hypothermia, 1.07; 95% confidence interval 0.84–1.36). Poor functional outcome was reported in 74/144 (51%) patients in the hypothermia group, and 75/147 (51%) patients in the normothermia group (relative risk with hypothermia 1.01 (95% CI 0.80–1.26). Conclusions Using a hospital’s average time to hypothermia did not significantly alter the effect of TTM of 33 °C compared to normothermia and early treatment of fever.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: out of hospital cardiac arrest, temperature management, hypothermia, time to target temperature
Faculty: Faculty of Health, Education, Medicine & Social Care
Depositing User: Ian Walker
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2022 14:50
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2022 14:50
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/708074

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