Extremism(s) and Their Fight against Modernity: The Case of Islamists and Eco-Radicals

Orofino, Elisa ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0776-2214 (2022) Extremism(s) and Their Fight against Modernity: The Case of Islamists and Eco-Radicals. Religions, 13 (8). p. 683. ISSN 2077-1444

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Abstract

Extremism in both its vocal and violent forms is a core topic of research, as well as a priority issue standing at the top of national and international security agendas. While most of the literature is still focused on violent forms of extremism, an emerging research trend is looking at vocal extremism and radicalisation as crucial steps to understand, as Neumann said “what happens before the bomb goes off”. Within this new trend, scholars are interested in exploring the ideology of extremist groups (rather than just their methods) and the frames (schemata of interpretation) they disseminate in order to win more followers and fidelise their members. Based on the author’s previous research, as well as on relevant data extracted from the manifestos and relevant publications of emblematic groups of both ideologies, this paper compares Islamists and Eco-radicals as two forms of extremism fighting the Western-sponsored modernisation process. By exploring the meaning of “modernity”, as well as the role played by frames, this research sheds light on three common frames present in both ideologies, i.e., the enemy to fight, the victims to protect, and the change to achieve. These three frames are the linchpin of the discourses of both forms of extremism. By innovatively unpacking these frames from a comparative perspective, this research offers new insights into the impact of modernity on the development of alternative and extremist ideologies.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: extremism(s), Islamism, eco-radicals, modernity, frames
Faculty: Faculty of Arts, Humanities & Social Sciences
Depositing User: Dr Catherine Pearson
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2022 10:43
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2022 10:43
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/707934

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