Experiential characteristics among individuals with tinnitus seeking online psychological interventions: A cluster analysis

Beukes, Eldré W. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9434-9160, Chundu, Srikanth, Ratinaud, Pierre, Andersson, Gerhard and Manchaiah, Vinaya (2022) Experiential characteristics among individuals with tinnitus seeking online psychological interventions: A cluster analysis. Brain Sciences, 12 (9). ISSN 2076-3425

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3425/12/9/1221

Abstract

Objective: This study was designed to gain insights regarding patterns of social representations (values, ideas, beliefs) of tinnitus and their relation to demographic and clinical factors. Method: A cross-sectional survey design was used. We included 399 adults seeking help and re-porting interest in internet-based cognitive behavior therapy for tinnitus. Data were collected using a free association task and analysis used qualitative (content analysis) and quantitative (cluster analysis and chi-square analysis) using the Iramuteq software. Results: The social representations identified the negative impact of tinnitus included the way it sounded (descriptions of the way tinnitus, 18%), annoyance (13.5%) and persistence (8%). Four clusters were identified representing four levels of tinnitus severity, namely debilitating tinni-tus (24%), distressing tinnitus (10%), annoying tinnitus (46%), and accepting tinnitus (20%). Cluster identity was associated with demographic and clinical variables. Discussion: The identified clusters represented tinnitus severity experience in four stages, rang-ing from debilitating tinnitus to acceptance of tinnitus. These findings are important for clinical practice where tinnitus descriptions can indicate the stage of the tinnitus experience and which intervention pathway may be most appropriate.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Tinnitus, Social representations, Attitude, Subgroups, Phenotype
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2022 14:07
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2022 13:22
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/707867

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