Influenza Vaccination and COVID-19 Outcomes in People Older than 50 Years: Data from the Observational Longitudinal SHARE Study

Veronese, Nicola and Smith, Lee and Di Gennaro, Francesco and Bruyere, Oliver and Yang, Lin and Demurtas, Jacopo and Maggi, Stefania and Sabico, Shaun and Ai-Daghri, Nasser and Barbagallo, Mario and Dominguez, Ligia and Koyanagi, Ai (2022) Influenza Vaccination and COVID-19 Outcomes in People Older than 50 Years: Data from the Observational Longitudinal SHARE Study. Vaccines, 10 (6). p. 899. ISSN 2076-393X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines10060899

Abstract

Existing literature on the association between influenza vaccination and COVID-19 infection/outcomes is conflicting. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the association between influenza vaccination and COVID-19 outcomes in a large cohort of adults who participated in the SHARE (Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe). Information regarding influenza vaccination in the previous year, and medical and demographic characteristics, were self-reported. Positivity for COVID-19, symptomatology, and hospitalization were also ascertained using self-reported information. An adjusted logistic regression analysis (including 15 baseline factors or propensity score) was used to assess the association between influenza vaccination and COVID-19 outcomes. A total of 48,408 participants (mean age 67 years; 54.1% females) were included. The prevalence of influenza vaccination was 38.3%. After adjusting for 15 potential confounders, influenza vaccination was significantly associated with a lower risk of positivity for COVID-19 (OR = 0.95; p < 0.0001), symptomatic forms (OR = 0.87; p < 0.0001), and hospitalization for COVID-19 (OR = 0.95; p < 0.0001). The results were similar when using a propensity score approach. In conclusion, influenza vaccination may be beneficial for the prevention of COVID-19, as the present study found that influenza vaccination was associated with a small/moderate lower risk of COVID-19 infection and adverse outcomes.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Influenza, COVID-19, Vaccination, SHARE study
Faculty: COVID-19 Research Collection
Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2022 09:49
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2022 09:49
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/707657

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