An exploration of the association between fuel subsidies and fuel riots

McCulloch, Neil, Natalini, Davide, Hossain, Naomi and Justino, Patricia (2022) An exploration of the association between fuel subsidies and fuel riots. World Development, 157. p. 105935. ISSN 0305-750X

Published Version
Available under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (871kB) | Preview
Official URL:


Between 2005 and 2018, 41 countries had at least one riot directly associated with popular demand for fuel. We make use of a new international dataset on fuel riots to explore the effects of fuel prices and price regimes on fuel riots. In line with prior expectations, we find that large domestic fuel price shocks - often linked to international price shocks - are a key driver of riots. In addition, we report a novel result: fuel riots are closely associated with domestic price regimes. Countries that maintain fixed price regimes - notably net energy exporters - tend to have large fuel subsidies. When such subsidies become unsustainable, domestic price adjustments are large, often leading to riots.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Fuel subsidies, Fuel riots, Protests, Conflict, Price regimes, Energy
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
Depositing User: Lisa Blanshard
Date Deposited: 30 May 2022 09:18
Last Modified: 31 May 2022 16:17

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item