Needle-Stick and Sharp Injuries among Hospital Healthcare Workers in Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Survey

Abalkhail, Adil, Kabir, Russell, Elmosaad, Yousif M., Alwashmi, Ameen S. S., Alhumaydhi, Fahad A., Alslamah, Thamer, Almoammar, Khalid A., Alsalamah, Yasir A. and Mahmud, Ilias (2022) Needle-Stick and Sharp Injuries among Hospital Healthcare Workers in Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (10). p. 6342. ISSN 1660-4601

Published Version
Available under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (277kB) | Preview
Official URL:


Needle-stick or sharp injuries (NSIs) are critical occupational hazards for healthcare workers. Exposure to blood and body fluids through NSIs increases the risk of transmission of blood-borne pathogens among them. The objectives of this study were to estimate the annual incidence of NSIs and investigate the associated factors of NSIs among the healthcare workers in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted between October and November 2021. A total of 361 healthcare workers participated in the survey from all over Saudi Arabia. The one-year incidence of at least one event of NSIs among the healthcare workers is estimated at 22.2% (95% CI: 18.0, 26.8). More than half of the injury events (53.8%) were not reported to the authority by the healthcare workers. Incidence of NSIs was highest among the physicians (36%) and was followed by nurses (34.8%), dentists (29.2%), and medical technologists (21.1%). The odds of NSIs was higher among the healthcare workers aged 26–30 years compared to the 20–25 years age group (OR: 2.51; 95% CI: 1.04, 6.03), as well as among the workers who directly dealt with needles or other sharp objects while working compared to those who did not (OR: 5.9; 95% CI: 2.69, 12.97). The high incidence and low rate of reporting of NSIs highlights the need of education and awareness raising programs targeting healthcare providers with higher risk of injury.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: needle-stick or sharp injuries, hospital-acquired infection, biological hazards, infection control
Faculty: Faculty of Health, Education, Medicine & Social Care
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 24 May 2022 15:23
Last Modified: 31 May 2022 16:17

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item