Enhancing student engagement in large ESL classes at a Pakistani university

Panhwar, Abdul H. and Bell, Melanie ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1345-105X (2022) Enhancing student engagement in large ESL classes at a Pakistani university. Educational Action Research. ISSN 1747-5074

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/09650792.2022.2089191


This study addresses lack of student engagement in large English as a second language (ESL) classes at a Pakistani university, using cooperative learning within the framework of participatory action research. A reconnaissance of the literature and thorough situation analysis led to an initial plan based on two cooperative learning strategies: Student-Teams-Achievement-Divisions and Think-Pair-Share. Over a semester, a second-year undergraduate compulsory ESL class was delivered as a series of mini action-research cycles refining this plan. The intervention was evaluated using classroom observation, student questionnaires and semi-structured group interviews. The results indicate that cooperative learning enhanced students’ behavioural, cognitive, and emotional engagement relative to their previous experience of learning in lecture-style classes. In addition, the study demonstrates that action research can be used by individual practitioners in even highly problematic teaching environments as a way of emancipating themselves and their students from the helplessness associated with institutional and cultural constraints.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Supporting dataset: https://doi.org/10.25411/aru.20000051
Keywords: student engagement, cooperative learning, large classes, action research, English as a second language, higher education
Faculty: Faculty of Arts, Humanities & Social Sciences
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 13 May 2022 12:46
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2022 09:09
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/707575

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