Knowledge Priorities on Climate Change and Water in the Upper Indus Basin: A Horizon Scanning Exercise to Identify the Top 100 Research Questions in Social and Natural Sciences

Orr, Andrew and Ahmad, Bashir and Alam, Undala and Appadurai, ArivudaiNambi and Bharucha, Zareen P. and Biemans, Hester and Bolch, Tobias and Chaulagain, Narayan P. and Dhaubanjar, Sanita and Dimri, A. P. and Dixon, Harry and Fowler, Hayley and Gioli, Giovanna and Halvorson, Sarah J. and Hussain, Abid and Jeelani, Ghulam and Kamal, Simi and Khalid, Imran and Liu, Shiyin and Lutz, Arthur and Mehra, Meeta K. and Miles, Evan and Momblanch, Andrea and Muccione, Veruska and Mukherji, Aditi and Mustafa, Daanish and Najmuddin, Omaid and Nasimi, Mohammad N. and Nüsser, Marcus and Pandey, Vishnu P. and Parveen, Sitara and Pellicciotti, Francesca and Pollino, Carmel and Potter, Emily and Qazizada, Mohammad R. and Ray, Saon and Romshoo, Shakil and Sarkar, Syamal K. and Sawas, Amiera and Sen, Sumit and Shah, Attaullah and Shah, Azeem and Shea, Joseph M. and Sheikh, Ali T. and Shrestha, Arun B. and Tayal, Shresth and Tigala, Snehlata and Virk, Zeeshan T. and Wester, Philippus and Wescoat, James L. Jr. (2022) Knowledge Priorities on Climate Change and Water in the Upper Indus Basin: A Horizon Scanning Exercise to Identify the Top 100 Research Questions in Social and Natural Sciences. Earth's Future, 10 (4). e2021EF002619. ISSN 2328-4277

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River systems originating from the Upper Indus Basin (UIB) are dominated by runoff from snow and glacier melt and summer monsoonal rainfall. These water resources are highly stressed as huge populations of people living in this region depend on them, including for agriculture, domestic use, and energy production. Projections suggest that the UIB region will be affected by considerable (yet poorly quantified) changes to the seasonality and composition of runoff in the future, which are likely to have considerable impacts on these supplies. Given how directly and indirectly communities and ecosystems are dependent on these resources and the growing pressure on them due to ever-increasing demands, the impacts of climate change pose considerable adaptation challenges. The strong linkages between hydroclimate, cryosphere, water resources, and human activities within the UIB suggest that a multi- and inter-disciplinary research approach integrating the social and natural/environmental sciences is critical for successful adaptation to ongoing and future hydrological and climate change. Here we use a horizon scanning technique to identify the Top 100 questions related to the most pressing knowledge gaps and research priorities in social and natural sciences on climate change and water in the UIB. These questions are on the margins of current thinking and investigation and are clustered into 14 themes, covering three overarching topics of ‘governance, policy, and sustainable solutions’, ‘socioeconomic processes and livelihoods’, and ‘integrated Earth System processes’. Raising awareness of these cutting-edge knowledge gaps and opportunities will hopefully encourage researchers, funding bodies, practitioners, and policy makers to address them.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Water, Climate change, Upper Indus basin, Horizon scanning, Priority questions, Knowledge gaps
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2022 09:27
Last Modified: 31 May 2022 16:18

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