A systematic review and meta-analysis of structural and functional brain alterations in individuals with genetic and clinical high-risk for psychosis and bipolar disorder

Luna, Licia P., Radua, Joaquim, Fortea, Lydia, Sugranyes, Gisela, Fortea, Adriana, Fusar-Poli, Paolo, Smith, Lee, Firth, Joseph, Shin, Jae Il, Brunoni, Andre R., Husain, Muhammad I., Husain, Muhammad O., Sair, Haris I., Mendes, Walber O., Uchoa, Luiz Ricardo A., Berk, Michael, Maes, Michael, Daskalakis, Zafiris J., Frangou, Sophia, Fornaro, Michele, Vieta, Eduard, Stubbs, Brendon, Solmi, Marco and Carvalho, Andre F. (2022) A systematic review and meta-analysis of structural and functional brain alterations in individuals with genetic and clinical high-risk for psychosis and bipolar disorder. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry, 117. p. 110540. ISSN 1878-4216

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Available under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pnpbp.2022.110540

Abstract

Neuroimaging findings in people at either genetic risk or at clinical high-risk for psychosis (CHR-P) or bipolar disorder (CHR-B) remain unclear. A meta-analytic review of whole-brain voxel-based morphometry (VBM) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies in individuals with genetic risk or CHR-P or CHR-B and controls identified 94 datasets (N = 7942). Notwithstanding no significant findings were observed following adjustment for multiple comparisons, several findings were noted at a more liberal threshold. Subjects at genetic risk for schizophrenia or bipolar disorder or at CHR-P exhibited lower gray matter (GM) volumes in the gyrus rectus (Hedges' g = −0.19). Genetic risk for psychosis was associated with GM reductions in the right cerebellum and left amygdala. CHR-P was associated with decreased GM volumes in the frontal superior gyrus and hypoactivation in the right precuneus, the superior frontal gyrus and the right inferior frontal gyrus. Genetic and CHR-P were associated with small structural and functional alterations involving regions implicated in psychosis. Further neuroimaging studies in individuals with genetic or CHR-B are warranted.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Bipolar disorder, Psychosis, schizophrenia, neuroimaging, meta-analysis, Psychiatry
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2022 11:00
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2022 14:12
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/707341

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