Effect of Magnesium Supplementation on Inflammatory Parameters: a Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Veronese, Nicola, Pizzol, Damiano, Smith, Lee, Dominguez, Ligia and Barbagallo, Mario (2022) Effect of Magnesium Supplementation on Inflammatory Parameters: a Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Nutrients, 14 (3). p. 679. ISSN 2072-6643

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14030679

Abstract

Magnesium (Mg) may have several beneficial effects on human health outcomes. One hypothesized mechanism eliciting such effects is the action of Mg on serum inflammatory parameters. However, studies on this topic to date have several important limitations. Therefore, the present systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to summarize the current state of the art of all randomized control trials (RCTs) investigating the effects of Mg supplementation versus placebo on serum parameters of inflammation. We searched several databases until 23 November 2021 for RCTs. Eligible studies were RCTs investigating the effect of oral Mg supplementation vs. placebo and having serum inflammatory markers as an outcome. Among 2484 papers initially screened, 17 randomized controlled trials (889 participants; mean age: 46 years; females: 62.5%) were included. Generally, a low risk of bias was present. In meta-analysis, Mg supplementation significantly decreased serum C reactive protein (CRP) and increased nitric oxide (NO) levels. In descriptive findings, Mg supplementation significantly reduced plasma fibrinogen, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase type 5, tumor necrosis factor-ligand superfamily member 13B, ST2 protein, and IL-1. In conclusion, Mg supplementation may significantly reduce different human inflammatory markers, in particular serum CRP and NO levels.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: magnesium, inflammation, review, C reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor, randomized controlled trial, meta-analysis
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2022 15:51
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2022 16:21
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/707296

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