Psychometric Properties of a Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) Translation of the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale (BASES): An Assessment using Exploratory Structural Equation Modelling

Swami, Viren and Maïano, Christophe and Wong, Kah Yan and Zahari, Hanoor S. and Barron, David (2021) Psychometric Properties of a Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) Translation of the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale (BASES): An Assessment using Exploratory Structural Equation Modelling. Body Image, 39. pp. 293-304. ISSN 1873-6807

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2021.10.003

Abstract

The Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale (BASES) measures self-conscious emotions in relation to the body and appearance. While scores have been shown to support a hypothesised 4-factor model consisting of facets of shame, guilt, authentic pride, and hubristic pride, previous studies are limited in their sole reliance on confirmatory factor analysis. Here, we assessed the psychometric properties of a novel Bahasa Malaysia translation of the BASES using an exploratory structural equation modelling (ESEM) framework. Malaysian adults (N = 1049) completed the BASES along with measures of body appreciation, psychological well-being, and secure non-striving. The results of exploratory factor analysis and ESEM in separate split-half subsamples supported a 2-dimensional model consisting of Shame-Guilt and Authentic-Hubristic Pride. This 2-dimensional model was broadly invariant across ethnicity, gender, and age, had adequate internal consistency, and evidenced adequate construct validity in relation to the Authenthic-Hubristic Pride subscale. We interpret our findings as consistent with the view that cultural factors shape the way in which body and appearance-related self-conscious emotions are manifested. Our results also highlight the importance of considering alternative conceptualisations of body and appearance-related self-conscious emotions, which previous studies may have obscured through their reliance on confirmatory factor analyses.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Self-conscious emotions, Body appearance, BASES, Exploratory structural equation modelling, Malaysia, Test adaptation
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2021 10:31
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2022 15:22
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/707021

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