Risk of progression to diabetes and mortality in older people with prediabetes: the English Longitudinal Study on Ageing

Veronese, Nicola, Noale, Marianna, Sinclair, Alan, Barbagallo, Mario, Dominguez, Ligia J., Smith, Lee, Pizzol, Damiano and Maggi, Stefania (2022) Risk of progression to diabetes and mortality in older people with prediabetes: the English Longitudinal Study on Ageing. Age and Ageing, 51 (2). afab222. ISSN 1468-2834

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afab222

Abstract

Aims- Prediabetes is used to identify people at increased risk for diabetes. However, the importance of prediabetes in older populations is still poorly explored. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of prediabetes, based on either glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels or fasting glucose (FG) levels, or both and the progression of prediabetes to diabetes or to mortality in older participants of the English Longitudinal Study on Ageing. Materials and methods- Prediabetes was categorized based on HbA1c levels (5.7%–6.4%) and/or FG levels (5.6–7.0 mmol/L). Information regarding mortality and incident diabetes were recorded during follow-up period of 10 years. Results- In 2027 participants (mean age: 70.6 years, 55.2% females), the prevalence of prediabetes ranged between 5.9% and 31.1%. Over 8 years of follow-up, 189 participants (5.4% of the initial population) developed diabetes and 606 (17.4%) died. Among 1,403 people with HbA1c at the baseline <5.7%, 33 developed diabetes and 138 died; in contrast, among 479 participants with a diagnosis of prediabetes using a value of HbA1c between 5.7% and 6.4%, 62 developed diabetes and 56 died. Similarly, among 1,657 people with normal values of FG at baseline 60 had a diagnosis of diabetes during follow-up and 163 died, compared to 225 with FG between 5.6 mmol/L and 7.0 mmol/L in which 35 developed diabetes and 31 died. Conclusion- The prevalence of prediabetes in older adults is high, but the progression from prediabetes to diabetes is uncommon, whereas the regression to normoglycemia or the progression to death was more frequent.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Prediabetes, Diabetes, Mortality, Older Adults, English Longitudinal Study on Ageing (ELSA)
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2021 14:53
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2022 13:51
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/706924

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