Camouflaging Intent, First Impressions, and Age of ASC Diagnosis in Autistic Men and Women

Belcher, Hannah and Morein-Zamir, Sharon and Mandy, Will and Ford, Ruth M. (2021) Camouflaging Intent, First Impressions, and Age of ASC Diagnosis in Autistic Men and Women. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. ISSN 1573-3432

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-021-05221-3

Abstract

Camouflaging of autistic traits may make autism harder to diagnose. The current study evaluated the relations between camouflaging intent, first impressions, and age of autism diagnosis. Participants comprised autistic and non-autistic adults (n = 80, 50% female) who completed the Camouflaging of Autistic Traits Questionnaire. They were later video-recorded having a conversation with a person unaware of their diagnostic status. Ten-second clips from half these videos were later shown to 127 non-autistic peers, who rated their first impressions of each participant. Results showed that autistic participants were rated more poorly on first impressions, males were rated less favourably than females, and male raters were particularly harsh in their evaluations of autistic males. Camouflaging intent did not predict first impressions but better first impressions were linked with a later age of diagnosis.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Autism, Camouflaging, Masking, First impressions, Female autism phenotype, Gender differences, Sex differences, Functioning autism, Spectrum disorder, Male brain, Children, Adults, Experiences, Prevalence, Perceptions
Faculty: Faculty of Health, Education, Medicine & Social Care
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2021 15:38
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 18:50
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/706908

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