Associations between nutritional factors and excessive daytime sleepiness in older patients with chronic kidney disease

Heybeli, Cihan and Soysal, Pinar and Oktan, Mehmet and Smith, Lee and Celik, Ali and Kazancioglu, Rumeyza (2021) Associations between nutritional factors and excessive daytime sleepiness in older patients with chronic kidney disease. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research. ISSN 1720-8319

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40520-021-01966-0

Abstract

Background- Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is prevalent in not only older adults, but also patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and is associated with higher risks of morbidity and mortality. Aims- The aim of the present study is to determine associations between EDS and nutritional status and serum nutrient levels in older patients with CKD. Methods- This cross-sectional study included 367 patients (aged ≥ 65 years) with CKD (eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 and/or > 30 mg/day of albuminuria for > 3 months). EDS was recorded using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (a score of ≥ 11). Malnutrition was diagnosed according to the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) tool (a score of < 17). Results- The mean age was 81 ± 7 years, and 248 (67%) were female. EDS was seen in 99 (26.9%) patients. Those with EDS had significantly lower MNA scores and more frequent malnutrition than those without EDS (p < 0.05). In multivariable analysis adjusted for age, sex, cerebrovascular disease, dementia, number of drugs, and number of urinations at night, and the Charlson Comorbidity Index the relationship between malnutrition and EDS persisted (OR 2.58, 95% CI 1.38–4.83, p = 0.003). There was no significant difference between the presence of EDS and serum levels or deficiencies of vitamin D, vitamin B12, and folate (p > 0.05). Conclusions- EDS is associated with malnutrition in older patients with CKD. Therefore, EDS and nutritional status should be evaluated together in clinical practice. However, future studies are needed to determine the direction of the association between malnutrition and EDS and to evaluate if dietary intervention can improve EDS.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: chronic kidney disease, excessive daytime sleepiness, nutrition
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2021 13:02
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 18:50
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/706838

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