Saccharin and Sucralose Protect the Glomerular Microvasculature In Vitro against VEGF-Induced Permeability

Enuwosa, Emmanuella U., Gautam, Lata, King, Linda M. and Chichger, Havovi (2021) Saccharin and Sucralose Protect the Glomerular Microvasculature In Vitro against VEGF-Induced Permeability. Nutrients, 13 (8). p. 2746. ISSN 2072-6643

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Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) has become a global health concern, with about 40% of people living with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus developing DKD. Upregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the kidney is a significant pathology of DKD associated with increased glomerular vascular permeability. To date, however, current anti-VEGF therapies have demonstrated limited success in treating DKD. Recent studies have shown that artificial sweeteners exhibit anti-VEGF potential. The aim of this study was therefore to assess the effects of aspartame, saccharin, and sucralose on VEGF-induced leak using an in vitro model of the glomerular endothelium. Saccharin and sucralose but not aspartame protected against VEGF-induced permeability. Whilst the sweeteners had no effect on traditional VEGF signalling, GC-MS analysis demonstrated that the sweetener sucralose was not able to enter the glomerular endothelial cell to exert the protective effect. Chemical and molecular inhibition studies demonstrated that sweetener-mediated protection of the glomerular endothelium against VEGF is dependent on the sweet taste receptor, T1R3. These studies demonstrate the potential for sweeteners to exert a protective effect against VEGF-induced increased permeability to maintain a healthy endothelium and protect against vascular leak in the glomerulus in settings of DKD.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: artificial sweeteners, diabetic kidney disease, sweet taste receptor, glomerular, endothelium, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), gas chromatograph-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), vascular permeability
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2021 14:54
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 18:50

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