COVID-19 dimensions are related to depression and anxiety among US college students: Findings from the Healthy Minds Survey 2020

Oh, Hans and Marinovich, Caitlin and Rajkumar, Ravi and Besecker, Megan and Zhou, Sasha and Jacob, Louis and Koyanagi, Ai and Smith, Lee (2021) COVID-19 dimensions are related to depression and anxiety among US college students: Findings from the Healthy Minds Survey 2020. Journal of Affective Disorders, 292. pp. 270-275. ISSN 1573-2517

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2021.05.121

Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about tremendous social and economic turmoil, which has been associated with increased levels of depression and anxiety. Methods: We analyzed data from the Healthy Minds Study (Fall Semester Cohort 2020), a non-probability sample of students across multiple colleges who completed an online survey between September – December 2020. Using multivariable logistic regression, we examined the associations between COVID-19 dimensions (concern, racial/ethnic discrimination, financial distress, infection, illness of loved one, death of loved one, caregiving) and mental health outcomes (depression, anxiety), adjusting for age, gender, race/ethnicity, and international student status. Results: Nearly a fifth of the sample reported moderately severe or severe depression, and nearly a third reported moderately severe or severe anxiety over the past two weeks. When accounting for all COVID-19 dimensions in the same model, COVID-19 concern, racial/ethnic discrimination, financial distress, and infection were significantly associated with moderately severe or severe depression; COVID-19 concern, financial distress, and infection were significantly associated with moderately severe or severe anxiety. Conclusions: This study showed that the COVID-19 pandemic may have shaped mental health through a range of potential social and environmental dimensions. Interventions are required that consider multiple dimensions of COVID-19 to improve mental health during and after the pandemic.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Mental health, USA, University student, Covid-19, Coronavirus, Depression, Anxiety, Pandemic
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2021 12:16
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 16:03
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/706644

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