COVID-19 dimensions are related to depression and anxiety among US college students: Findings from the Healthy Minds Survey 2020

Oh, Hans, Marinovich, Caitlin, Rajkumar, Ravi, Besecker, Megan, Zhou, Sasha, Jacob, Louis, Koyanagi, Ai and Smith, Lee (2021) COVID-19 dimensions are related to depression and anxiety among US college students: Findings from the Healthy Minds Survey 2020. Journal of Affective Disorders, 292. pp. 270-275. ISSN 1573-2517

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2021.05.121

Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about tremendous social and economic turmoil, which has been associated with increased levels of depression and anxiety. Methods: We analyzed data from the Healthy Minds Study (Fall Semester Cohort 2020), a non-probability sample of students across multiple colleges who completed an online survey between September – December 2020. Using multivariable logistic regression, we examined the associations between COVID-19 dimensions (concern, racial/ethnic discrimination, financial distress, infection, illness of loved one, death of loved one, caregiving) and mental health outcomes (depression, anxiety), adjusting for age, gender, race/ethnicity, and international student status. Results: Nearly a fifth of the sample reported moderately severe or severe depression, and nearly a third reported moderately severe or severe anxiety over the past two weeks. When accounting for all COVID-19 dimensions in the same model, COVID-19 concern, racial/ethnic discrimination, financial distress, and infection were significantly associated with moderately severe or severe depression; COVID-19 concern, financial distress, and infection were significantly associated with moderately severe or severe anxiety. Conclusions: This study showed that the COVID-19 pandemic may have shaped mental health through a range of potential social and environmental dimensions. Interventions are required that consider multiple dimensions of COVID-19 to improve mental health during and after the pandemic.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Mental health, USA, University student, Covid-19, Coronavirus, Depression, Anxiety, Pandemic
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
COVID-19 Research Collection
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2021 12:16
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2022 14:39
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/706644

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