The association between objectively measured vision impairment and self-reported physical activity among 34,129 adults aged ≥50 years in six low- and middle-income countries

Smith, Lee and Pardhan, Shahina and Gorely, Trish and Barnett, Yvonne A. and Jacob, Louis and López-Sánchez, Guillermo F. and Tully, Mark A. and Veronese, Nicola and Shin, Jae Il and Koyanagi, Ai (2021) The association between objectively measured vision impairment and self-reported physical activity among 34,129 adults aged ≥50 years in six low- and middle-income countries. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. ISSN 1543-267X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2021-0103

Abstract

The authors investigated the association between vision impairment and physical activity among older adults from low- and middle-income countries. Visual acuity was measured using the tumbling ElogMAR chart, and vision impairment was defined as visual acuity worse than 6/18 (0.48 logMAR) in the better seeing eye. Physical activity was assessed by the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire. Multivariable logistic regression and meta-analysis were conducted to assess associations. The sample included 34,129 individuals aged 50–114 years (mean [SD] age 62.4 [16.0] years; 47.9% male). After adjustment for confounders, near vision impairment was not significantly associated with low physical activity, but far vision impairment showed a significant association (odds ratio = 1.32; 95% confidence interval [1.17, 1.49], I2 = 0.0%). Far vision impairment was dose-dependently associated with low physical activity (e.g., severe [<6/10] vs. no [≥6/12] far vision impairment; odds ratio = 1.80; 95% confidence interval [1.03, 3.15]). Interventions to address low levels of physical activity in the visually impaired in low- and middle-income countries should target those with far vision impairment.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Visual Impairment, Physical Activity, LMIC, Low- and Middle-Income Countries, Epidemiology
Faculty: Faculty of Health, Education, Medicine & Social Care
Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2021 09:35
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 18:50
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/706642

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