Economic impacts of achieving a net-zero emissions target in the UK power sector

Hafner, Sarah and Jones, Aled and Anger-Kraavi, Annela (2021) Economic impacts of achieving a net-zero emissions target in the UK power sector. Journal of Cleaner Production. ISSN 1879-1786

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127610

Abstract

With increasing concerns about climate change, calls for the adoption of net-zero carbon emissions targets are rising. Achieving this target necessitates a radical decarbonisation of the electricity system, including the shut-down of currently operating high-carbon energy infrastructure. In the light of this background, we develop a novel system dynamics energy-economy model to explore the long-term macroeconomic effects, and changes in the power system costs of different low-carbon electricity transition scenarios. Using the UK as a case study, our simulations demonstrate that there is no win-win policy solution. We argue that while the early retirement of a certain amount of brown energy infrastructure is required for the UK to achieve its emissions target, the amount should be determined with care in order to manage the electricity system costs and prices. By using an implicit carbon price, we find that certain trajectories lead to lower energy system costs while achieving the net-zero target.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: energy transition, system dynamics, energy economy modelling, climate change, policy
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 28 May 2021 09:17
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2021 13:19
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/706616

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