Associations between Oral Health and Cancer in a National Representative Sample of Spanish Adults

Jacob, Louis and López-Sánchez, Guillermo F. and Smith, Lee and Grabovac, Igor (2021) Associations between Oral Health and Cancer in a National Representative Sample of Spanish Adults. European Journal of Public Health, 31 (5). pp. 1026-1030. ISSN 1464-360X

[img]
Preview
Text
Accepted Version
Available under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (379kB) | Preview
[img] Text (Word version)
Accepted Version
Available under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (15MB)
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckab105

Abstract

Background- The goal of this study was to investigate the association between several oral health outcomes and cancer in adults living in Spain. Methods- Data from the Spanish National Health Survey 2017 were analysed. Seven oral health outcomes (dental caries, dental extraction, dental filling, gingival bleeding, tooth movement, dental material and missing tooth) were assessed with questions with ‘yes’ and ‘no’ options. Cancer was assessed and defined with the following yes–no question: ‘Have you ever been diagnosed with malignant tumours?’. The relationship of each oral health outcome and the number of poor oral health outcomes with cancer was studied in regression models adjusted for sex, age, marital status, education, smoking and alcohol consumption. Results- This study included 23 089 participants aged 15–103 years [45.9% of males; mean (standard deviation) age 53.4 (18.9) years]. The prevalence of cancer was 5.0% in the overall population. After adjusting for several potential confounding factors, all oral health outcomes except missing tooth were significantly and positively associated with cancer [odds ratios (ORs) ranging from 1.15 for dental filling to 1.48 for dental extraction]. In addition, there was a positive and significant association between the number of poor oral health outcomes and cancer (OR = 1.16, 95% confidence interval = 1.11–1.22). Conclusions- On a nationally representative sample of 23 089 participants in Spain, poorer oral health outcomes were found in participants with history of cancer, with positive associations between several oral health outcomes as well as the number of poor oral health outcomes and cancer.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Cancer, Oral Health, Spain, Epidemiology
Faculty: Faculty of Health, Education, Medicine & Social Care
Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 25 May 2021 09:26
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2022 02:02
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/706603

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item