Changes in sitting time, screen exposure and physical activity during Covid-19 lockdown in South American adults: A cross-sectional study

Sadarangani, Kabir and Roia, Gabriela and Lobo, Pablo and Chavez, Robinson and Meyer, Jacob and Cristi-Montero, Carlos and Martinez-Gomez, David and Ferrari, Gerson and Schuch, Felipe and Gil Salmerón, Alejandro and Solmi, Marco and Veronese, Nicola and Alzahrani, Hosam and Grabovac, Igor and Caperchione, Cristina and Tully, Mark A. and Smith, Lee (2021) Changes in sitting time, screen exposure and physical activity during Covid-19 lockdown in South American adults: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (10). p. 5239. ISSN 1660-4601

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105239

Abstract

The worldwide prevalence of insufficient physical activity (PA) and prolonged sedentary behavior (SB) were high before the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Measures that were taken by governments (such as home confinement) to control the spread of COVID-19 may have affected levels of PA and SB. This cross-sectional study among South American adults during the first months of COVID-19 aims to (i) compare sitting time (ST), screen exposure, moderate PA (MPA), vigorous PA (VPA), and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) before and during lockdown to sociodemographic correlates and (ii) to assess the impact of lockdown on combinations of groups reporting meeting/not-meeting PA recommendations and engaging/not-engaging excessive ST (≥7 h/day). Bivariate associations, effect sizes, and multivariable linear regressions were used. Adults from Argentina (n = 575) and Chile (n = 730) completed an online survey with questions regarding demographics, lifestyle factors, and chronic diseases. Mean reductions of 42.7 and 22.0 min./day were shown in MPA and VPA, respectively; while increases of 212.4 and 164.3 min./day were observed in screen and ST, respectively. Those who met PA recommendations and spent <7 h/day of ST experienced greatest changes, reporting greater than 3 h/day higher ST and more than 1.5 h/day lower MVPA. Findings from the present study suggest that efforts to promote PA to South American adults during and after COVID-19 restrictions are needed.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: COVID-19, Physical Activity, Sedentary behavior, South America, Exercise, Screen time, Public health, Health behavior
Faculty: COVID-19 Research Collection
Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2021 13:32
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 18:50
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/706530

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