Update and guidance on management of myopia. European Society of Ophthalmology in cooperation with International Myopia Institute

Németh, János and Tapasztó, Beáta and Aclimandos, Wagih A. and Kestelyn, Philippe and Jonas, Jost B. and De Faber, Jan-Tjeerd H. N. and Januleviciene, Ingrida and Grzybowski, Andrzej and Nagy, Zoltán Z. and Pärssinen, Olavi and Guggenheim, Jeremy A. and Allen, Peter M. and Baraas, Rigmor C. and Saunders, Kathryn J. and Flitcroft, Daniel I. and Gray, Lyle S. and Polling, Jan R. and Haarman, Annechien E. G. and Tideman, J. Willem L. and Wolffsohn, James S. and Wahl, Siegfried and Mulder, Jeroen A. and Smirnova, Irina Y. and Formenti, Marino and Radhakrishnan, Hema and Resnikoff, Serge (2021) Update and guidance on management of myopia. European Society of Ophthalmology in cooperation with International Myopia Institute. European Journal of Ophthalmology, 31 (3). pp. 853-883. ISSN 1724-6016

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1177/1120672121998960


The prevalence of myopia is increasing extensively worldwide. The number of people with myopia in 2020 is predicted to be 2.6 billion globally, which is expected to rise up to 4.9 billion by 2050, unless preventive actions and interventions are taken. The number of individuals with high myopia is also increasing substantially and pathological myopia is predicted to become the most common cause of irreversible vision impairment and blindness worldwide and also in Europe. These prevalence estimates indicate the importance of reducing the burden of myopia by means of myopia control interventions to prevent myopia onset and to slow down myopia progression. Due to the urgency of the situation, the European Society of Ophthalmology decided to publish this update of the current information and guidance on management of myopia. The pathogenesis and genetics of myopia are also summarized and epidemiology, risk factors, preventive and treatment options are discussed in details.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Myopia, pathologic myopia, preventive medicine, blindness, time spent outdoors, myopia reduction interventions, atropine, orthokeratology
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
Depositing User: Lisa Blanshard
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2021 16:44
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2022 14:50
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/706414

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