Exploring the contribution of motivation and experience in the postpubescent own-gender bias in face recognition

Hills, Peter J. and Pake, J. Michael and Dempsey, Jack R. and Lewis, Michael B. (2018) Exploring the contribution of motivation and experience in the postpubescent own-gender bias in face recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 44 (9). pp. 1426-1446. ISSN 1939-1277

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1037/xhp0000533

Abstract

The own-gender bias in face recognition has been hypothesized to be the result of extensive experience with own-gender faces, coupled with a motivation to process own-group faces more deeply than other-group faces. We test the effect of experience and motivation in four experiments employing standard old/new recognition paradigms. In Experiment 1, no own-gender recognition bias was observed following an attractiveness-rating encoding task regardless of school type (single- or mixed-sex). Experiment 2, which used a distinctiveness-rating encoding task, did find a significant own-gender bias for all groups of participants. Experiment 3 on adults found that the own-gender bias was not affected by self-reported contact with the other-gender, but the encoding task did moderate the size of the bias. Experiment 4 revealed that participants with an own-gender sexual orientation showed a stronger own-gender bias. These results indicate that motivational factors influence the own-gender bias whereas no evidence was found for perceptual experience.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: A COPY IS AVAILABLE AT http://orca.cf.ac.uk/107996/
Keywords: own-gender bias, own-group biases, face recognition, experience, motivation
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
Depositing User: Lisa Blanshard
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2021 10:06
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 16:09
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/706258

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