Expert opinion on classification for footballers with vision impairment: Toward an evidence-based minimum-impairment criteria

Runswick, Oliver R. and Ravensbergen, Rianne H. J. C. and Allen, Peter M. and Mann, David L. (2021) Expert opinion on classification for footballers with vision impairment: Toward an evidence-based minimum-impairment criteria. Journal of Sports Sciences. ISSN 1466-447X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2021.1881301

Abstract

In Para sport, the aim of classification is to minimize the impact of impairment on the outcome of competition. Despite requirements of the International Paralympic Committee Athlete Classification Code for classification to be evidence-based and sport-specific, sports for athletes with VI, including football, use the same generic classes across almost all sports. The aim of this study was to consult with experts to establish the needs and challenges for developing a code-compliant system of classification for VI football. A panel of 18 experts with international experience in VI football (16.8 ± 10.2 years) took part in a three-round Delphi study using online surveys. Results showed that the panel did not think that the current system completely fulfils the aim of classification. The panel identified measures of visual function they considered to be relevant but are not currently measured during classification including dynamic acuity, depth and motion perception, and contrast and light sensitivity. Moreover, they identified technical skills such as ball control, dribbling and passing, as well as perceptual-cognitive skills, as most likely to be affected by vision impairment. Findings outline the need for change and offer a framework for future research to develop an evidence-based classification for VI football.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Paralympic, classification, football, vision, Delphi
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
Depositing User: Lisa Blanshard
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2021 16:12
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2021 10:46
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/706245

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