Combined Vision and Hearing Difficulties Results in Higher Levels of Depression and Chronic Anxiety: Data From a Large Sample of Spanish Adults

Pardhan, Shahina and Smith, Lee and Bourne, Rupert R. A. and Davis, Adrian C. J. and Leveziel, Nicolas and Jacob, Louis and Koyanagi, Ai and López-Sánchez, Guillermo F. (2021) Combined Vision and Hearing Difficulties Results in Higher Levels of Depression and Chronic Anxiety: Data From a Large Sample of Spanish Adults. Frontiers in Psychology, 11. p. 627980. ISSN 1664-1078

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.627980

Abstract

Objective: Individually, vision and hearing impairments have been linked to higher levels of anxiety and depression. We investigated the effect of dual sensory impairment (difficulty seeing and hearing) in a large representative sample of Spanish adults. Methods: Data from a total of 23,089 adults (age range: 15–103 years, 45.9% men) from the Spanish National Health Survey 2017 were analyzed. Self-reported difficulty of seeing and hearing (exposures), and depression and chronic anxiety (outcomes) were analyzed. Multivariable logistic regression was assessed for difficulty with vision alone, hearing alone and with difficulty with both, adjusting for gender, age, marital status, living as a couple, education, smoking, alcohol consumption, BMI, physical activity, use of glasses/contact lenses, and hearing aid. Results: Visual difficulty, hearing difficulty, and dual difficulties were all associated with significantly higher odds for depression (ORs 2.367, 2.098, and 3.852, respectively) and for chronic anxiety (ORs 1.983, 1.942, and 3.385, respectively). Dual sensory difficulty was associated with higher odds ratios for depression and anxiety when compared to either impairment alone. Conclusion: Dual sensory difficulty is associated with significantly higher odds of anxiety and depression when compared to either vision or hearing difficulty alone. Appropriate interventions are needed to address any reversible causes of vision and hearing as well as anxiety and depression in people in these specific groups.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: vision impairment, hearing impairment, depression, anxiety, sensory impairment
Faculty: Faculty of Health, Education, Medicine & Social Care
Faculty of Science & Engineering
Depositing User: Lisa Blanshard
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2021 15:31
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2021 15:31
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/706207

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