Associating the Change in New COVID-19 Cases to GDP per Capita in 38 European Countries in the First Wave of the Pandemic

Pardhan, Shahina and Drydakis, Nick (2021) Associating the Change in New COVID-19 Cases to GDP per Capita in 38 European Countries in the First Wave of the Pandemic. Frontiers in Public Health, 8. p. 582140. ISSN 2296-2565

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.582140

Abstract

COVID-19 has affected all countries globally. We explore associations between the change in new COVID-19 registered cases per million population and various macroeconomic and well-being indicators in 38 European countries over a 2-month period (1st April-31st May 2020). A statistically significant (p = 0.002) negative association was estimated between the change in new COVID-19 cases and GDP per capita, after controlling for key health determinants including public expenditure on health, life expectancy, smoking tobacco and sanitation. The country with the highest GDP per capita in Europe (i.e., Luxemburg) was found to experience the lowest change in new COVID-19 cases within the time period whilst the opposite was found for countries with lower GDP per capita (i.e., Ukraine, Bulgaria, and Romania). The outcomes of this study indicate that, in the first wave of the pandemic in Europe, a country's GDP per capita might be associated with a lower rate of new COVID-19 cases. The study concludes by suggesting that in European regions a country's economic performance should be a critical health priority for policy makers.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: COVID-19, GDP per capita, life expectancy, sanitation, smoking
Faculty: COVID-19 Research Collection
Faculty of Business & Law
Faculty of Health, Education, Medicine & Social Care
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2021 13:04
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2021 13:04
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/706200

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