Changes in dietary fat intake and associations with mental health in a UK public sample during the COVID-19 pandemic

Wilson, Jason and McMullan, Ilona and Blackburn, Nicole and Klempel, Natalie and Yakkundi, Anita and Armstrong, Nicola and Brolly, Colette and Butler, Laurie T. and Barnett, Yvonne A. and Jacob, Louis and Koyanagi, Ai and Smith, Lee and Tully, Mark A. (2021) Changes in dietary fat intake and associations with mental health in a UK public sample during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Public Health. ISSN 1741-3850

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Background: Consumption of unhealthy foods may have changed during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study explored how dietary fat intake was impacted in a sample of the UK public who were social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Data were collected from a UK COVID-19 online survey. Fat intake was measured using the Dietary Instrument for Nutrition Education questionnaire. Anxiety and depressive symptoms were assessed using Becks’ Anxiety and Depression Inventories, while the short-form Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale assessed mental well-being. Differences between individuals who increased versus decreased fat intake were explored using chi-square or independent sample t-tests. Association between fat intake and mental health was explored using adjusted linear regression models. Results: Eight hundred and eighty-seven adults were included. Approximately, 34% recorded medium-to-high levels of fat consumption during social distancing. Around 48% reported decreased fat intake during social distancing compared to usual levels, while 41.3% documented increased fat intake. Fat intake was not significantly associated (P > 0.05) with any measures of mental health. Conclusions: A higher proportion of a sample of UK adults social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic recorded decreased fat intake when compared to levels prior to social distancing. There appeared to be no associations between fat intake and mental health.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Fat intake, Mental Health, England, COVID-19 pandemic, cross-sectional study, social distancing
Faculty: COVID-19 Research Collection
Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2021 16:32
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 18:51

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