The Top 100 questions for the sustainable intensification of agriculture in India’s rainfed drylands

Bharucha, Zareen Pervez and Attwood, Simon and Badiger, Shrinivas and Balamatti, Arun and Bawden, Richard and Bentley, Jeffery W. and Chander, Mahesh and Davies, Leonora and Dixon, Harry and Dixon, John and D’Souza, Marcella and Butler Flora, Cornelia and Green, Michael and Joshi, Deepa and Komarek, Adam M. and Ruth McDermid, Lesley and Mathijs, Erik and Rola, Agnes C. and Patnaik, Sasmita and Pattanayak, Sandip and Pingali, Prabhu and Vara Prasad, V. P. and Rabbinge, Rudy and Ramanjaneyulu, G. V. and Ravindranath, N. H. and Sage, Colin and Saha, Amrita and Salvatore, Ceccarelli and Patnaik Saxena, Lopamudra and Singh, Chandni and Smith, Pete and Srinidhi, Arjuna and Sugam, Rudresh and Thomas, Richard and Uphoff, Norman and Pretty, Jules (2021) The Top 100 questions for the sustainable intensification of agriculture in India’s rainfed drylands. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 19 (2). pp. 106-127. ISSN 1747-762X

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India has the largest area of rainfed dryland agriculture globally, with a variety of distinct types of farming systems producing most of its coarse cereals, food legumes, minor millets, and large amounts of livestock. All these are vital for national and regional food and nutritional security. Yet, the rainfed drylands have been relatively neglected in mainstream agricultural and rural development policy. As a result, significant social-ecological challenges overlap in these landscapes: endemic poverty, malnutrition and land degradation. Sustainable intensification of dryland agriculture is essential for helping to address these challenges, particularly in the context of accelerating climate change. In this paper, we present 100 questions that point to the most important knowledge gaps and research priorities. If addressed, these would facilitate and inform sustainable intensification in Indian rainfed drylands, leading to improved agricultural production and enhanced ecosystem services. The horizon scanning method used to produce these questions brought together experts and practitioners involved in a broad range of disciplines and sectors. This exercise resulted in a consolidated set of questions covering the agricultural drylands, organized into 13 themes. Together, these represent a collective programme for new cross- and multi-disciplinary research on sustainable intensification in the Indian rainfed drylands.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Drylands, India, rainfed agriculture, sustainable intensification
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2021 09:46
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2021 10:38

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