An umbrella review of systematic reviews with meta-analyses evaluating positive and negative outcomes of hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine therapy

Celotto, Stefano and Veronese, Nicola and Barbagallo, Mario and Ometto, Francesca and Smith, Lee and Pardhan, Shahina and Barnett, Yvonne A. and Ilie, Petre and Soysal, Pinar and Lagolio, Erik and Kurotschka, Peter and Tonelli, Roberto and Demurtas, Jacopo (2021) An umbrella review of systematic reviews with meta-analyses evaluating positive and negative outcomes of hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine therapy. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 103. pp. 599-606. ISSN 1201-9712

[img]
Preview
Text
Published Version
Available under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (2MB) | Preview
[img] Text
Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only
Available under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (111kB) | Request a copy
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2020.12.018

Abstract

Background & aims: Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) and chloroquine (CQ) are anti-malarial drugs frequently used in the rheumatologic field. Recently they were identified as possible therapeutic options against Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19). Therefore, the present study aimed to map and grade the diverse health outcomes associated with HCQ/CQ using an umbrella review approach. Methods: Umbrella review of systematic reviews of observational and intervention studies. For observational studies, random-effects summary effect size, 95% confidence interval, and 95% prediction interval were estimated. We also assessed heterogeneity, evidence for small-study effect and evidence for excess significance bias. The quality of evidence was then graded using validated criteria from highly convincing to weak. The evidence from randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) was graded using the GRADE tool. Results: From 313 articles returned, 6 meta-analyses were included (n = 25 outcomes). Among meta-analyses of observational studies, HCQ/CQ is weakly associated with a reduced risk for cardiovascular events and diabetes when used for autoimmune diseases; it is also associated with higher risk of death when used for COVID-19 and with spontaneous abortion. Among meta-analyses of RCTs, HCQ/CQ is associated with an improvement of articular manifestations of the rheumatic diseases. Conclusions: There is high evidence of the efficacy of HCQ/CQ in the rheumatologic field. The lack of evidence for efficacy and risk of death associated with the use of HCQ/CQ for COVID-19, indicate the inappropriateness of its inclusion in recent COVID-19 therapy guidelines and urgent need for Randomised Controlled Trials to determine their eventual appropriateness as a therapy in that circumstance.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: hydroxychloroquine, COVID-19, umbrella review, chloroquine
Faculty: COVID-19 Research Collection
Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2020 15:14
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 18:51
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/706125

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item