Associations between sedentary behavior and happiness: An analysis of influential factors among middle-aged and older adults from six low- and middle-income countries

Felez-Nobrega, Mireia and Olaya, Beatriz and Haro, Josep M. and Stubbs, Brendon and Smith, Lee and Koyanagi, Ai (2021) Associations between sedentary behavior and happiness: An analysis of influential factors among middle-aged and older adults from six low- and middle-income countries. Maturitas, 143. pp. 157-164. ISSN 1873-4111

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2020.10.011

Abstract

Objectives: Higher levels of sedentary behavior (SB) may be associated with decreased happiness but there are no studies on this topic. Thus, we investigated this association, and its influential factors among middle-aged and older adults using nationally representative datasets from six low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Study design: Community-based cross-sectional data from the Global Ageing and Adult Health study were analyzed. SB was assessed with the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire. Multivariable ordinal logistic regression and mediation analyses were performed. Main outcome measures: Happiness was assessed with a cross-culturally validated single-item question (5-point scale) with higher scores indicating higher levels of happiness. Results: The final sample included 34,129 adults aged 50 years or more (mean age = 62.4 ± SD 16 years; 51.9 % female). After adjusting for multiple confounders, increased time spent in SB (hours/day) was associated with lower happiness levels (OR = 0.96; 95 % CI = 0.94−0.98). Mobility limitations, cognitive complaints, pain/discomfort, sleep problems and disability explained the largest proportion of the association between SB and happiness. Conclusions: SB was linked with lower levels of happiness in middle-aged and older adults from LMICs, although a high level of between-country heterogeneity was observed. Longitudinal and interventional studies among older people in LMICs are warranted to assess directionality and the potential for reduction in SB to improve mental well-being in this population.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: sedentary behaviour, happiness, LMIC, Correlates, Sitting time, Wellbeing, Low- and middle-income countries, Mental health
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2020 15:05
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2021 01:02
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/706002

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