Open versus closed view autorefraction in young adults

Nagra, Manbir, Akhtar, Amna, Huntjens, Byki and Campbell, Peter (2021) Open versus closed view autorefraction in young adults. Journal of Optometry, 14 (1). pp. 86-91. ISSN 1989-1342

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Purpose: While there are numerous studies comparing open-view autorefractors to subjective refraction or other open-view autorefractors, most studies between closed and open-view autorefraction tend to focus on children rather than young adults. The aim of this study was to determine the concordance in non-cycloplegic refractive error between two modern objective autorefractors: the closed-view monocular Topcon TRK-2P and the binocular open-view Grand Seiko WR-5500. Methods: Fifty young adults aged 20–29 years (mean age 22 ± 1.6 years) underwent non-cycloplegic autorefraction using the Grand Seiko WAM-5500 (open view) and Topcon TRK-2P (closed-view) autorefractors on both eyes. Findings were expressed as the isolated spherical component and were also converted from clinical to vector notation: Mean Spherical Error (MSE) and the astigmatic components J0 and J45. Results: Mean MSE ± SD was −1.00 ± 2.40D for the Grand Seiko WAM-5500 compared to −1.23 ± 2.29D for the Topcon TRK-2P. Up to seventy-six percent of the cohort had mean spherical errors from the Topcon TRK-2P which fell within ±0.50D of the Grand Seiko reading and 58% fell within ±0.25D. Mean differences between the two instruments were statistically significant for all components (J0, spherical, and MSE) (p < 0.01), except J45 (p > 0.05). Conclusions: The differences in non-cycloplegic MSE between these two instruments are small, but statistically significant. From a clinical perspective the Topcon TRK-2P may serve as a useful starting point for subjective refraction, but additional work is needed to help further minimise differences between the instruments.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Myopia, Astigmatism, Refractive error, Autorefractor, Accommodation
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
Depositing User: Lisa Blanshard
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2020 15:41
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 18:51

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