Impact of Improper Approach to Identify Lid Wiper Epitheliopathy (LWE)

Lievens, Chris, Norgett, Yvonne, Briggs, Nancy, Allen, Peter M. and Vianya-Estopa, Marta (2020) Impact of Improper Approach to Identify Lid Wiper Epitheliopathy (LWE). Clinical Ophthalmology, 2020 (14). pp. 3039-3047. ISSN 1177-5483

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Purpose: Variability in the use of ophthalmic dyes to diagnose lid wiper epitheliopathy (LWE) has led to division in the literature and clinical practice. The principal aim of this study was to evaluate whether the use of a non-optimal methodology to identify LWE had a potential for false negatives; in which LWE was overlooked. Patients and Methods: A total of 20 participants were initially categorized to not have LWE and were enrolled in this study. The protocol examined whether or not LWE would later be revealed through the use of optimized methodology. Semi-automated analysis was performed of images taken after two different drop instillations with varying post-dye viewing times for both lissamine green (LG) and sodium fluorescein (NaFl). Results: There was a significant increase in area of staining revealed when an optimal methodology for LWE identification was used. Comparisons for every non-optimal condition were statistically significantly different against the optimal condition (all p<0.01). The use of a non-optimal methodology resulted in a 70% false-negative rate when using LG and a 95% false-negative rate when using NaFl. Conclusion: The study demonstrated that using a double instillation of dye was statistically different from a single-dose, even with extended wait time for clinical observation. A single instillation did not offer adequate volume of dye for adequate lid margin uptake. A careful adherence to volume as well as a repeat administration is key to revealing the full area of LWE. A non-optimal approach to diagnose LWE can lead to false negatives

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: lid wiper, epitheliopathy, dry eye, lissamine green, sodium fluorescein, false negative
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
Depositing User: Ian Walker
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2020 13:33
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 18:52

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