Extracellular vesicles released from p18 overexpressing pulmonary endothelial cells are barrier protective – potential implications for acute respiratory distress syndrome

Harrington, Elizabeth O. and Shil, Aparna and Braza, Julie and Chichger, Havovi (2020) Extracellular vesicles released from p18 overexpressing pulmonary endothelial cells are barrier protective – potential implications for acute respiratory distress syndrome. Pulmonary Circulation, 10 (3). ISSN 2045-8940

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2045894020951759

Abstract

The novel endosome protein, p18, and the early endosome GTPase, Rab4, play a significant role in protecting the pulmonary vasculature against permeability associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Recently, endothelial-derived extracellular vesicles have been identified to play a key role in the endothelial permeability associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Therefore, we investigated the effect of these microparticles, released from endothelial cells overexpressing p18 and Rab4, on pulmonary endothelial barrier function. Endothelial-derived extracellular vesicles isolated from lung microvascular endothelial cells which overexpressed cDNA for wild-type p18 protected a naïve monolayer against lipopolysaccharide-induced permeability. In contrast, endothelial-derived extracellular vesicles from cells overexpressing the non-endosomal binding p18 mutant (p18N39) exerted no protective effect on the endothelial monolayer. Cells overexpressing either dominant active or inactive Rab4 released endothelial-derived extracellular vesicles which had no effect on lipopolysaccharide-induced permeability. miRNA analysis and permeability studies of endothelial-derived extracellular vesicle isolated from wild-type p18-overexpressing cells demonstrates that let-7i-5p, miR-96-5p, and miR-137-3p are endothelial-derived extracellular vesicle cargo which exert protective effects on the pulmonary endothelium. Finally, we observed down-regulation of p18 protein expression in both the lung and endothelium in an in vivo and in vitro model of acute respiratory distress syndrome. These results demonstrate that endothelial-derived extracellular vesicle released from cells overexpressing p18, but not Rab4, contain miRNA cargo which likely promote a barrier-protective effect on the pulmonary endothelium in settings of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Findings indicate the importance of p18 in the pulmonary vasculature and demonstrate that targeting this protein may provide a novel therapeutic strategy to reduce endothelial permeability associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: basic science research, cell biology, pulmonary biology, endothelium, vascular biology
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2020 09:58
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 18:52
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/705911

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