Handgrip Strength and Health Outcomes: Umbrella Review of Systematic Reviews with Meta-Analyses of Observational Studies

Soysal, Pinar and Hurst, Christopher and Demurtas, Jacopo and Firth, Joseph and Reuben, Howden and Yang, Lin and Tully, Mark A. and Koyanagi, Ai and Ilie, Petre and López Sánchez, Guillermo F. and Schwingshackl, Lukas and Veronese, Nicola and Smith, Lee (2020) Handgrip Strength and Health Outcomes: Umbrella Review of Systematic Reviews with Meta-Analyses of Observational Studies. Journal of Sport and Health Science. ISSN 2213-2961

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2020.06.009

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to assess both the credibility and strength of evidence arising from systematic reviews with meta-analyses of observational studies on handgrip strength and health outcomes. Methods: An umbrella review of systematic reviews with meta-analyses of observational studies was conducted. We assessed meta-analyses of observational studies based on random-effect summary effect sizes and their p values, 95% prediction intervals, heterogeneity, small-study effects, and excess significance. We graded the evidence from convincing (Class I) to weak (Class IV). Results: From 504 articles returned in a search of the literature, 8 systematic reviews were included in our review, with a total of 11 outcomes. Overall, 9 of the 11 of the outcomes reported nominally significant summary results (p < 0.05), with 4 associations surviving the application of the more stringent p value (p < 10−6). No outcome presented convincing evidence. Three associations showed Class II evidence (i.e., highly suggestive): (1) higher handgrip values at baseline were associated with a minor reduction in mortality risk in the general population (n = 34 studies; sample size = 1,855,817; relative risk = 0.72; 95% confidence interval: 0.67–0.78), (2) cardiovascular death risk in mixed populations (n = 15 studies; relative risk = 0.84; 95% confidence interval: 0.78–0.91), and (3) incidence of disability (n = 7 studies; relative risk = 0.76; 95% confidence interval: 0.66–0.87). Conclusion: The present results show that handgrip strength is a useful indicator for general health status and specifically for early all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, as well as disability. To further inform intervention strategies, future research is now required to fully understand mechanisms linking handgrip strength scores to these health outcomes.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Handgrip strength, Health outcomes, Umbrella review, Meta-analysis
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 20 May 2020 13:30
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2020 13:47
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/705556

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