How do people interpret and respond to self-report sitting time questionnaires? A think-aloud study

Gardner, Benjamin and Louca, Ioanna and Mourouzis, Danai and Calabrese, Alessandra and Fida, Aeysha and Smith, Lee (2020) How do people interpret and respond to self-report sitting time questionnaires? A think-aloud study. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 50. p. 101718. ISSN 1878-5476

[img] Text
Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 15 November 2021.
Available under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (66kB) | Request a copy
Official URL:


Sedentary behaviour research to date has been predominantly based on self-reported sitting time, yet little attention has been paid to how respondents interpret sitting questionnaire items. 25 office workers participated in qualitative, ‘think-aloud’ interviews, describing their thoughts while completing 43 items derived from 9 existing questionnaires. Inductive Thematic Analysis identified four potential interpretation or response problems: misinterpretation and uncertainty; the mental calculation process involved in formulating responses; self-presentation concerns; and the affective and motivational impact of questionnaire completion. Results not only show that lay representations of sitting may diverge from those of researchers, but also highlight potential errors and biases encountered when generating sitting estimates. Additionally, reporting sitting may generate a desire to reduce sitting time. Findings suggest that domain-specific measures that estimate sitting across different settings may better correspond with participants’ perceptions. Future research should investigate the potential for sedentary behaviour questionnaire completion to change behaviour.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Sitting time, Questionnaires, Think aloud study
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 12 May 2020 08:30
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 18:52

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item