Associations of interruptions to leisure-time sedentary behaviour with symptoms of depression and anxiety

Hallgren, Mats and Nguyen, Thi-Thuy-Dung and Owen, Neville and Vancampfort, Davy and Smith, Lee and Dunstan, David and Andersson, Gunnar and Wallin, Peter and Ekblom-Bak, Elin (2020) Associations of interruptions to leisure-time sedentary behaviour with symptoms of depression and anxiety. Translational Psychiatry, 10. p. 128. ISSN 2158-3188

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41398-020-0810-1

Abstract

Interruptions to time spent sitting can ameliorate detrimental metabolic-health consequences of high volumes of sedentary time, but their potential mental health benefits have not been examined. We used the Swedish Health Profile Assessment database, a general health assessment offered to all employees working for companies or organisations connected to occupational and health services. Cross-sectional analyses examined data from 40,550 employees (60% male, mean age = 42 years), collected in 2017–2019. Participants reported the proportion of time (almost always; 75% of the time; 50% of the time; 25% of the time; and almost never) usually spent in leisure-time sedentary behaviours; and, separately, the frequency (never; rarely; sometimes; often; and very often) of interruptions (every 30 min) to sedentary time. Logistic regression models assessed associations of sedentary time, and the frequency of interruptions to sedentary time, with depression/anxiety symptoms. Fully adjusted models included physical exercise. Compared to those in the lowest sedentary time category, those in the medium and high categories had 1.52 (95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.40–1.66) and 3.11 (95% CI = 2.82–3.42) higher odds of frequent depression/anxiety symptoms, respectively. Compared to those who never/rarely interrupted their sedentary time, those who reported interruptions sometimes, often and very often had 0.72 (95% CI = 0.65–0.80), 0.59 (95% CI = 0.53–0.65), and 0.53 (95% CI = 0.46–0.59) lower odds of depression/anxiety symptoms, respectively. In stratified analyses, more frequent interruptions to sedentary time were associated with lower odds of depression/anxiety symptoms, except among those in the lowest interruptions categories (never/25% of the time). More regularly interrupting sitting during leisure-time may reduce the odds of experiencing symptoms of depression and anxiety.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Sedentary behaviour, interruptions, leisure-time, physical activity, depression, anxiety
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2020 16:07
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2021 14:19
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/705331

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