The association between physical activity and cataracts among 17,777 people aged 15-69 years residing in Spain

López-Sánchez, Guillermo F. and Pardhan, Shahina and Trott, Mike and Sánchez Castillo, Sheila and Jackson, Sarah E. and Tully, Mark A. and Gorely, Trish and López-Bueno, Rubén and Veronese, Nicola and Skalska, Maria and Jastrzębska, Joanna and Jastrzębski, Zbigniew and Smith, Lee (2020) The association between physical activity and cataracts among 17,777 people aged 15-69 years residing in Spain. Ophthalmic Epidemiology, 27 (4). pp. 272-277. ISSN 1744-5086

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/09286586.2020.1730911

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to assess the association between levels of physical activity (PA) and presence of cataracts in people aged 15-69 years residing in Spain. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the Spanish National Health Survey 2017 were analysed (n = 17,777 ≥15 years; 52% females; self-weighting sample). The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) short form was used to measure PA. Total PA MET-minutes/week were calculated, and participants were divided into two categories: 1) Less than 600 MET-minutes/week. 2) At least 600 MET-minutes/week, equivalent to meeting current PA recommendations. Cataracts were self-reported in response to the question ‘‘Have you ever been diagnosed with cataracts?”. Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess associations overall and by age groups (15–49, 50–64 and 65-69 years; 15-49 and 50-69 years). Covariates included in the analysis were: sex, education, BMI (Body Mass Index), multimorbidity, smoking, and alcohol consumption. Results: The overall prevalence of cataract was 3.7%, and the overall prevalence of participating in less than 600 MET-minutes/week of PA was 30.2%. In the adjusted overall analysis, less than 600 MET-minutes/week of PA was associated with significantly higher odds for cataract: OR = 1.324 (95% CI = 1.116–1.571). Age-stratified analyses showed that the association between PA and cataract was significant only in the age groups of 65-69 years and 50-69 years. Conclusions: A significant association between PA and cataract was observed in people aged 15-69 years residing in Spain. Considering the impact on health and quality of life due to reduced PA in people with cataract, at least 600 MET-minutes/week activity should be promoted.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: diabetic eye disease, cataract, physical activity, observational study
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2020 10:39
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2022 09:58
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/705182

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