The Breast Size Satisfaction Survey (BSSS): Breast Size Dissatisfaction and its Antecedents and Outcomes in Women from 40 Nations

Swami, Viren and Tran, Ulrich S. and Barron, David and Afhami, Reza and Aimé, Annie and Almenara, Carlos A. and Alp Dal, Nursel and Amaral, Ana C. S. and Andrianto, Sonny and Anjum, Gulnaz and Argyrides, Marios and Atari, Mohammad and Aziz, Mudassar and Banai, Benjamin and Borowiec, Joanna and Brewis, Alexandra and Cakir Kocak, Yeliz and Campos, Juliana A. D. B. and Carmona, Carmen and Chaleeraktrakoon, Trawin and Chen, Hong and Chobthamkit, Phatthanakit and Choompunuch, Bovornpot and Constantinos, Togas and Crumlish, Aine and Cruz, Julio E. and Dalley, Simon E. and Damayanti, Devi and Dare, Joanna and Donofrio, Stacey M. and Draksler, Anja and Escasa-Dorne, Michelle and Fernandez, Elaine F. and Ferreira, Maria E. C. and Frederick, David A. and García, Antonio A. and Geller, Shulamit and George, Alexias and Ghazieh, Louai and Goian, Cosmin and Gorman, Colin and Grano, Caterina and Handelzalts, Jonathan E. and Horsburgh, Heather and Jackson, Todd and Javela Delgado, Lady Grey and Jović, Marija and Jović, Marko and Kantanista, Adam and Kertechian, Sevag K. and Kessels, Loes and Król-Zielińska, Magdalena and Kuan, Garry and Kueh, Yee Cheng and Kumar, Sanjay and Kvalem, Ingela L. and Lombardo, Caterina and López Almada, Ernesto L. and Maïano, Christophe and Manjary, Mandar and Massar, Karlijn and Matera, Camilla and Mereiles, Juliana F. and Meskó, Norbert and Namatame, Hikari and Nerini, Amanda and Neto, Felix and Neto, Joana and Neves, Angela N. and Ng, Siu-Kuen and Nithiya, Devi R. and Omar, Salma S. and Omori, Mika and Panasiti, Maria S. and Pavela Banai, Irena and Pila, Eva and Pokrajac-Bulian, Alessandra and Postuvan, Vita and Prichard, Ivanka and Razmus, Magdelena and Sabiston, Catherine M. and Sahlan, Reza N. and Sarfo, Jacob O. and Sawamiya, Yoko and Stieger, Stefan and SturtzSreetharan, Cindi and Tee, Eugene and ten Hoor, Gill A. and Thongpibul, Kulvadee and Tipandjan, Arun and Tudorel, Otilia and Tylka, Tracy and Vally, Zahir and Vargas-Nieto, Juan C. and Vega, Luis D. and Vidal-Mollón, Jose and Vintila, Mona and Williams, Deborah and Wutich, Amber and Yamamiya, Yuko and Zambrano, Danilo and Zanetti, Marcelo C. and Živčić-Bećirević, Ivanka and Voracek, Martin (2020) The Breast Size Satisfaction Survey (BSSS): Breast Size Dissatisfaction and its Antecedents and Outcomes in Women from 40 Nations. Body Image, 32. pp. 199-217. ISSN 1873-6807

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.01.006

Abstract

The Breast Size Satisfaction Survey (BSSS) was established to assess women’s breast size dissatisfaction and breasted experiences from a cross-national perspective. A total of 18,541 women were recruited from 61 research sites across 40 nations and completed measures of current-ideal breast size discrepancy, as well as measures of theorised antecedents (personality, Western and local media exposure, and proxies of socioeconomic status) and outcomes (weight and appearance dissatisfaction, breast awareness, and psychological well-being). In the total dataset, 47.5% of women wanted larger breasts than they currently had, 23.2% wanted smaller breasts, and 29.3% were satisfied with their current breast size. There were significant cross-national differences in mean ideal breast size and absolute breast size dissatisfaction, but effect sizes were small (η2 = .02-.03). The results of multilevel modelling showed that greater Neuroticism, lower Conscientiousness, lower Western media exposure, greater local media exposure, lower financial security, and younger age were associated with greater breast size dissatisfaction across nations. In addition, greater absolute breast size dissatisfaction was associated with greater weight and appearance dissatisfaction, poorer breast awareness, and poorer psychological well-being across nations. These results indicate that breast size dissatisfaction is a global public health concern linked to women’s psychological and physical well-being.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Breast size, Breast ideals, Breast awareness, Personality, Psychological well-being, Cross-cultural psychology
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2020 16:56
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2020 15:46
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/705126

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