Associations between physical activity and comorbidities in people with COPD residing in Spain: A cross-sectional analysis

Sánchez Castillo, Sheila and Smith, Lee and Díaz Suárez, Arturo and López Sánchez, Guillermo F. (2020) Associations between physical activity and comorbidities in people with COPD residing in Spain: A cross-sectional analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (2). p. 594. ISSN 1660-4601

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020594

Abstract

There is a high prevalence of comorbidities among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Comorbidities are likely common in patients with any COPD degree and are associated with increased mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of thirty-one different COPD comorbidities and to evaluate the association between physical activity (PA) levels in people with COPD residing in Spain. Cross-sectional data from the Spanish National Health Survey 2017 were analysed. A total of 601 adults (52.2% females) with COPD aged 15 to 69 participated in this study. PA (exposure) was measured with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) short form and comorbidities (outcomes) were self-reported in response to the question “Have you ever been diagnosed with…?” Multivariable logistic regression, in three different models, was used to assess this association. Results showed a high prevalence of comorbidities (94%), these being chronic lumbar back pain (38.9%), chronic allergy (34.8%), arthrosis (34.1%), chronic cervical back pain (33.3%), asthma (32.9%) and hypertension (32.8%) the most prevalent. Low PA level was significantly associated with urinary incontinence (2.115[1.213–3.689]), chronic constipation (1.970[1.119–3.459]), cataracts (1.840[1.074–3.153]), chronic anxiety (1.508[1.002–2.269]) and chronic lumbar back pain (1.489[1.044–2.125]). Therefore, people with COPD should increase their PA levels in order to reduce their risk of comorbidities and increase their quality of life.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: COPD, comorbidities, physical activity, lung disease, prevalence, adults
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2020 10:24
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 18:53
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/705100

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