Associations between Self-Reported Physical Activity and Oral Health: A cross-sectional analysis in 17, 777 Spanish Adults

López Sánchez, Guillermo F. and Smith, Lee and Koyanagi, Ai and Grabovac, Igor and Yang, Lin and Veronese, Nicola and Shin, Jae Il and Loosemore, Mike and Jacob, Louis (2020) Associations between Self-Reported Physical Activity and Oral Health: A cross-sectional analysis in 17, 777 Spanish Adults. British Dental Journal, 228. pp. 361-365. ISSN 1476-5373

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Background: The aim of this study was to assess the association between levels of physical activity and oral health in adults residing in Spain. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the Spanish National Health Survey 2017 were analysed (n = 17,777 adults aged ≥15 years; 52.0% females). The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) short form was used to measure physical activity. Oral health was self-reported through eight variables. Covariates included were sex, age, marital status, education, obesity, smoking and alcohol consumption. Results: Dental caries (19.8% vs 27.8%), dental extraction (72.7% vs 75.4%), gingival bleeding (15.5% vs 19.1%), tooth movement (4.3% vs 5.9%) and missing tooth (57.9% vs 62.5%) were statistically significantly less frequent in the sufficient than insufficient physical activity group, whereas dental filling (74.2% vs 70.9%), dental material (36.6% vs 34.8%) and no missing tooth and no material (28.2% vs 25.1%) were statistically significantly more common. After adjustment, there was a negative relationship between physical activity and dental caries (OR = 0.72; 95%CI = 0.66-0.78), gingival bleeding (OR = 0.79; 95%CI = 0.72-0.86), tooth movement (OR = 0.83; 95%CI = 0.71-0.96) and missing tooth (OR = 0.91; 95%CI = 0.85-0.98). In contrast, physical activity was positively associated with dental material (OR = 1.16; 95%CI = 1.07-1.25). Conclusions: Participation in physical activity is favourably associated with some but not all self-reported oral health correlates.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: dental health, physical activity, adults, cross-sectional study, Spain
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2019 16:21
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 18:53

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