Sexual behavior and suicide attempts among adolescents aged 12-15 years from 38 countries: A global perspective

Smith, Lee and Jackson, Sarah E. and Vancampfort, Davy and Jacob, Louis and Firth, Joseph and Grabovac, Igor and McDermott, Daragh T. and Yang, Lin and López Sánchez, Guillermo F. and Niederkrotenthaler, Thomas and Veronese, Nicola and Koyanagi, Ai (2020) Sexual behavior and suicide attempts among adolescents aged 12-15 years from 38 countries: A global perspective. Psychiatry Research, 287. p. 112564. ISSN 1872-7123

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Background : The aim was to investigate the relationship between sexual behaviors and suicide attempts by using data from 38 countries from four World Health Organization regions. Methods: Cross-sectional data from 116,820 adolescents aged 12-15 years participating in the Global School-based Student Health Survey 2009-2016 were analyzed. Data on sexual behaviors were collected: (i) ever having had intercourse; among those who reported having had intercourse, (ii) multiple (≥2) lifetime sexual partners and (iii) condom use in last sexual intercourse and past 12-month suicide attempts were self-reported. Associations were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression. Results: The prevalence of sexual intercourse and suicide attempts were 13.2% and 9.1%, respectively. A positive association between sexual intercourse and suicide attempts was found in 32 of the 38 countries (pooled OR for whole sample 2.12 [95% CI 1.98-2.27]). Having had multiple sexual partners was associated with increased odds of suicide attempts (pooled OR for whole sample 1.58 [1.27-1.96]). Condom non-use was only associated with suicide attempts among boys in the Americas (OR: 1.75 [1.25-2.45]). Conclusion: Engaging in sexual intercourse was associated with increased risk of suicide attempt. Moreover, having had multiple sexual partners may also increase the risk of suicide attempts.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Sexual Behaviour, Suicide, Adolescents, Global
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2019 08:21
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 18:53

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