CASTLE score versus J-CTO score for the prediction of technical success in chronic total occlusion percutaneous revascularisation

Kalogeropoulos, Andreas S., Alsanjari, Osama, Keeble, Thomas R., Tang, Kare H., Konstantinou, Klio, Katsikis, Athanasios, Jagathesan, Rohan, Aggarwal, Rajesh K., Clesham, Gerald J., Kelly, Paul A., Werner, Gerald S., Hildick-Smith, David, Davies, John R. and Karamasis, Grigoris V. (2020) CASTLE score versus J-CTO score for the prediction of technical success in chronic total occlusion percutaneous revascularisation. EuroIntervention, 15. e1615-e1623. ISSN 1969-6213

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Aims: We sought to compare the efficiency of the novel EuroCTO (CASTLE) score with the commonly used Multicentre CTO Registry in Japan (J-CTO) score in predicting procedural success of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for coronary chronic total occlusions (CTOs). Methods and results: We evaluated 660 consecutive CTO PCIs (mean age 66±11 years, 84% male). The mean J-CTO and EuroCTO (CASTLE) scores were 1.86±1.2 and 1.74±1.2, respectively. Antegrade wire escalation, antegrade dissection re-entry and retrograde approach were used in 82%, 14% and 37% of cases, respectively. Receiver operating characteristic analysis demonstrated equal overall discriminatory capacity between the two scores (AUC 0.698, 95% CI: 0.653-0.742, p<0.001 for J-CTO vs AUC 0.676, 95% CI: 0.627-0.725, p<0.001 for EuroCTO; AUC difference: 0.022, p=0.5). However, for more complex procedures (J-CTO ≥3 or EuroCTO [CASTLE] ≥4]), the predictive capacity of the EuroCTO (CASTLE) score appeared superior (AUC 0.588, 95% CI: 0.509-0.668, p=0.03 for EuroCTO [CASTLE] score vs AUC 0.473, 95% CI: 0.393-0.553, p=NS for the J-CTO score, AUC difference: 0.115, p=0.04). Conclusions: In this study, the novel EuroCTO (CASTLE) score was comparable to the J-CTO score in predicting CTO PCI outcome with a superior discriminatory capacity for the more complex cases.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Chronic total occlusion, stable angina, multiple vessel disease
Faculty: Faculty of Health, Education, Medicine & Social Care
Depositing User: Lisa Blanshard
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2019 11:26
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 18:53

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