How New Caledonian crows solve novel foraging problems and what it means for cumulative culture

Logan, Corina J. and Breen, Alexis J. and Taylor, Alex H. and Gray, Russell D. and Hoppitt, William J. E. (2016) How New Caledonian crows solve novel foraging problems and what it means for cumulative culture. Learning & Behavior, 44 (1). pp. 18-28. ISSN 1543-4508

[img]
Preview
Text
Accepted Version
Available under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (25MB) | Preview
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3758/s13420-015-0194-x

Abstract

New Caledonian crows make and use tools, and tool types vary over geographic landscapes. Social learning may explain the variation in tool design, but it is unknown to what degree social learning accounts for the maintenance of these designs. Indeed, little is known about the mechanisms these crows use to obtain information from others, despite the question’s importance in understanding whether tool behavior is transmitted via social, genetic, or environmental means. For social transmission to account for tool-type variation, copying must utilize a mechanism that is action specific (e.g., pushing left vs. right) as well as context specific (e.g., pushing a particular object vs. any object). To determine whether crows can copy a demonstrator’s actions as well as the contexts in which they occur, we conducted a diffusion experiment using a novel foraging task. We used a nontool task to eliminate any confounds introduced by individual differences in their prior tool experience. Two groups had demonstrators (trained in isolation on different options of a four-option task, including a two-action option) and one group did not. We found that crows socially learn about context: After observers see a demonstrator interact with the task, they are more likely to interact with the same parts of the task. In contrast, observers did not copy the demonstrator’s specific actions. Our results suggest it is unlikely that observing tool-making behavior transmits tool types. We suggest it is possible that tool types are transmitted when crows copy the physical form of the tools they encounter.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: New Caledonian crow, Social learning, Learning mechanisms, Information transmission, Cumulative technological culture
Faculty: ARCHIVED Faculty of Science & Technology (until September 2018)
Depositing User: Lisa Blanshard
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2019 15:11
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2019 16:12
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/704491

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item