Poultry Litter Gasification in a Fluidized Bed Reactor: Effects of Gasifying Agent and Limestone Addition

Pandey, Daya S. and Kwapinska, Marzena and Gómez-Barea, Alberto and Horvat, Alen and Fryda, Lydia E. and Rabou, Luc P. L. M. and Leahy, James J. and Kwapinski, Witold (2016) Poultry Litter Gasification in a Fluidized Bed Reactor: Effects of Gasifying Agent and Limestone Addition. Energy & Fuels, 30 (4). pp. 3085-3096. ISSN 1520-5029

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.energyfuels.6b00058

Abstract

Air and air-steam gasification of poultry litter was experimentally studied in a laboratory scale bubbling fluidized bed gasifier at atmospheric pressure using silica sand as the bed material. The effects of equivalence ratio (ER), gasifier temperature, steam-to-biomass ratio (SBR), and addition of limestone blended with the poultry litter, on product gas species yields and process efficiency, are discussed. The optimum conditions (maximum carbon conversion, gas yield, heating value, and cold gas efficiency) were achieved at an ER 0.25 and 800 °C, using air (SBR = 0) and poultry litter blended with 8% w/w limestone, yielding a product gas with a lower heating value (LHV) of 4.52 MJ/Nm 3 and an average product gas composition (dry basis) of H 2 : 10.78%, CO: 9.38%, CH 4 : 2.61, and CO 2 : 13.13. Under these optimum processing conditions, the cold gas efficiency, carbon conversion efficiency, and hydrogen conversion efficiency were 89, 73, and 43% respectively. The reported NH 3 measurement at an ER of 0.28 and 750 °C is 2.7% (equivalent to 19,300 mg/Nm 3 ) with 14.7 mg/Nm 3 of HCl observed as the dry product gas. High temperature and steam injection favor production of CO and H 2 , while their effect on CH 4 was almost negligible. It is demonstrated that poultry litter can be gasified by blending with limestone, making it possible to overcome the fluidization problems caused by the mineral composition of poultry litter ash (high K and P content), yielding a gas with a similar heating value compared to gasifying without limestone addition, but with a significantly lower tar content.

Item Type: Journal Article
Faculty: ARCHIVED Faculty of Science & Technology (until September 2018)
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2019 09:46
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2019 16:12
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/704223

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