Multiple dimensions of interoceptive awareness are associated with facets of body image in British adults

Todd, Jennifer and Aspell, Jane E. and Barron, David and Swami, Viren (2019) Multiple dimensions of interoceptive awareness are associated with facets of body image in British adults. Body Image, 29. pp. 6-16. ISSN 1873-6807

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Previous research has identified a relationship between interoception and body image, where lower interoceptive awareness (IA) is associated with negative body image. However, relationships between facets of interoception and positive body image remain unexplored, and men and older adults remain underrepresented. To overcome these limitations, we assessed relationships between multiple dimensions of interoceptive awareness (IA) and multiple facets of body image in community adults. An online sample of 646 British adults (447 women) aged 18–76 years completed the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA), the Body Appreciation Scale-2, the Functionality Appreciation Scale, the Authentic Pride subscale from the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale, and the Appearance Orientation and Overweight Preoccupation subscales from the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire. Hierarchical regressions revealed significant predictive relationships between IA and all five facets of body image after controlling for sex, body mass index, and age. In the final models, the MAIA subscales emerged as significant predictors for at least one facet of body image, with the exception of the MAIA Body Listening subscale. These findings extend previous work by demonstrating significant relationships between IA and previously unexplored facets of body image, which may hold promise for practitioner-based interventions.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: body image, interoception
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Jane Aspell
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2019 14:31
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2022 12:15

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