Exploring individual differences in self-reference effects for agency and ownership in 5- to 7-year-olds

Ford, Ruth M. and Lobao, Sheila N. (2019) Exploring individual differences in self-reference effects for agency and ownership in 5- to 7-year-olds. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 37 (2). pp. 168-183. ISSN 2044-835X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12265


Evidence that self-relevant information enjoys a privileged status in memory is termed the self-reference effect (SRE). Testing 5-to 7-year-olds (n = 39), we aimed to shed light on the SRE by examining the memorial advantage for self-relevant information as a function of general ability, theory of mind, empathy, and recollection. Playing in pairs, children were presented with an array of pictures and took turns to select pictures (agency) and turn them over to reveal to whom they belonged (ownership). Later they viewed the studied pictures intermixed with new ones and provided recognition- and source memory judgments. There was a robust SRE in recognition memory, mainly for agency, which varied positively with intellectual ability but negatively with theory of mind, empathy and recollection. These findings accord with claims that self-referential information benefits from elaboration handled by domain-general processes, with the SRE counteracted by social processes that increase attention to other people.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: self-reference effect, recognition memory, source memory, self
Faculty: ARCHIVED Faculty of Science & Technology (until September 2018)
Depositing User: Ruth Ford
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2018 07:51
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 18:55
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/703458

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