Factor Structure and Psychometric Properties of a Romanian Translation of the Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS) in University Men

Swami, Viren, Vintila, Mona, Tudorel, Otilia, Goian, Cosmin and Barron, David (2018) Factor Structure and Psychometric Properties of a Romanian Translation of the Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS) in University Men. Body Image, 25. pp. 48-55. ISSN 1873-6807

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.02.004

Abstract

We examined the psychometric properties of a Romanian translation of the 15-item Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS). Male university students from Romania (N = 343) completed the DMS, as well as measures of self-esteem, body appreciation, and muscle discrepancy. Exploratory factor analysis indicated that DMS scores reduced to two factors that related to muscularity-oriented attitudes and behaviours, with both first-order factors loading onto a higher-order factor. However, confirmatory factor analysis indicated that a model with two first-order factors and a higher-order factor had poor fit. A two-factor model without a higher-order construct achieved acceptable but mediocre fit. Scores on the two-factor DMS model had adequate internal consistency and demonstrated acceptable convergent validity (significant correlations with self-esteem, body appreciation, and muscle discrepancy). These results provide support for a two-factor model of DMS scores in a Romanian-speaking sample and extends the availability of the DMS to a rarely-examined linguistic group.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Drive for muscularity, Body image, Psychometrics, Romanian, University men
Faculty: ARCHIVED Faculty of Science & Technology (until September 2018)
Depositing User: Viren Swami
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2018 10:34
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 18:56
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/702736

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