Genetic and Environmental Influences on Developmental Milestones and Movement: Results from the Gemini Cohort study

Smith, Lee and van Jaarsveld, Cornelia H. M. and Llewellyn, Clare H. and Fildes, Alison and López-Sánchez, Guillermo F. and Wardle, Jane and Fisher, Abigail (2017) Genetic and Environmental Influences on Developmental Milestones and Movement: Results from the Gemini Cohort study. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 88. pp. 401-407. ISSN 2168-3824

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2017.1373268

Abstract

Purpose: Variability in the timing of infant developmental milestones is poorly understood. We used a twin analysis to estimate genetic and environmental influences on motor development and activity levels in infancy. Method: Data were from the Gemini study, a twin birth cohort of 2402 families with twins born in the UK in 2007. Parents reported motor activity level for each of the twins at age 3 months using the Revised Infant Behavior Rating Scale (IBQ-R), and also reported the age at which they first sat unsupported, crawled, and walked unaided. Results: Activity level at 3 months, and age of first sitting and crawling were about equally influenced by the shared family environment (45%-54%) and genes (45%-48%). Genetic influences dominated for the age of taking first independent steps (84%). Conclusion: Aspects of the shared family environment appear to be important influences on motor activity levels and early milestones, although the timing of walking may have a stronger genetic influence. Further research to identify the specific environmental and genetic factors that promote early activity may be important for longer-term health outcomes.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Activity, Child, Motor, Twin
Faculty: ARCHIVED Faculty of Science & Technology (until September 2018)
Depositing User: Lee Smith
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2017 15:23
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2022 11:25
URI: https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/702130

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