Age, job identification, and entrepreneurial intention

Hatak, Isabella and Harms, Rainer and Fink, Matthias (2015) Age, job identification, and entrepreneurial intention. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 30 (1). pp. 38-53. ISSN 0268-3946

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The purpose of this paper is to examine how age and job identification affect entrepreneurial intention. We draw on a representative sample of the Austrian population and apply binary logistic regression on entrepreneurial intention. We find that as employees age they are less inclined to act entrepreneurially, and that their entrepreneurial intention is lower the more they identify with their job. Whereas gender, education, and previous entrepreneurial experience matter, leadership and having entrepreneurial parents seem to have no impact on the entrepreneurial intention of employees. Research implications relate to a contingency perspective on entrepreneurial intention where the impact of age is exacerbated by stronger identification with the job. Practical implications include the need to account for different motivational backgrounds when addressing entrepreneurial employees of different ages. Societal implications include the need to adopt an age perspective to foster entrepreneurial intentions within established organizations. While our study corroborates and extends findings from entrepreneurial intention research, we contribute new empirical insights to the age and job-dependent contingency perspective.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: entrepreneurial intention, entrepreneurship and age, job identification, socioemotional selectivity theory
Faculty: ARCHIVED Lord Ashcroft International Business School (until September 2018)
Depositing User: Matthias Fink
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2017 09:19
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 19:01

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