Towards understanding the etiology of high myopic strabismus using mechanical analysis and finite element modeling

Liu, Haipeng and Gong, Yinglan and Chen, Zhiqing and Pardhan, Shahina and Mootanah, Rajshree and Xia, Ling and Zheng, Dingchang (2018) Towards understanding the etiology of high myopic strabismus using mechanical analysis and finite element modeling. International Journal of Medical Engineering and Informatics, 10 (3). pp. 199-214. ISSN 1755-0661

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It has been widely accepted that the pathology of high myopic esotropia, a special form of strabismus, is still not fully understood. In this study, the mechanical analysis and finite element analysis (FEA) of the oculomotor system was based on clinical MRI data and applied to examine the physiological hypotheses of extraocular muscle obliquity and deformation respectively. Our mechanical analysis indicated that the muscular obliquity is not the dominated cause of high myopic strabismus. Next, by simulating the effect of different forces applied to the cross section of each extraocular rectus muscles, the corresponding eyeball rotations were quantified on normal eyes, and high myopic eyes with and without strabismus. The model suggests that the limitation of rotation in high myopic strabismic eyes is mainly caused by the extraocular muscle deformation instead of, but related with ,its obliquity, providing a better understanding of the etiology of high myopic strabismus. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first mechanical and FEA model developed from clinical data to investigate the etiology of high myopic strabismus, providing important tools for future studies.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: eyeball, finite element analysis, high myopia strabismus, mechanical analysis, simulation
Faculty: ARCHIVED Faculty of Medical Science (until September 2018)
Depositing User: Ian Walker
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2017 15:47
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 18:56

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